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Ebenezer Scrooge

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Bah, humbug!

— Scrooge's catchphrase

Ebenezer Scrooge is the main character in Charles Dickens' tale, A Christmas Carol. He is a very cold-hearted, selfish man, who has no love for Christmas, children, or anything that even resembles happiness. The story of his transformation by the three Ghosts of Christmas (Past, Present, and Yet to Come) has become a defining tale of the Christmas holiday.

Scrooge's partial inspiration is Ralph Nickleby, an antagonist in an earlier Dickens novel, Nicholas Nickleby.

Portrayals

Picture Production Year Actor Notes

Portrayals of Scrooge

The Death of Poor Joe 1901 Tom Green, Laura Bayley
Scrooge; or Marley's Ghost 1901 unknown
A Christmas Carol 1908 Thomas Ricketts
A Christmas Carol 1910 Marc McDermott This short silent film was produced by Thomas Edison in 1910.
A Christmas Carol 1913 Sir Seymour Hicks
A Christmas Carol 1914 Charles Rock
The Right to be Happy 1916 Rupert Julian
A Christmas Carol 1922 H. V. Esmond
A Christmas Carol 1923 Russell Thorndike
Old Scrooge 1926 unknown
A Christmas Carol 1928 Bransby Williams
Scrooge 1935 Sir Seymour Hicks
A Christmas Carol 1938 Reginald Owen The feature was originally intended to star Lionel Barrymore, who played the role of Scrooge annually on radio, but Barrymore was forced to drop out of the film because of his arthritis.
A Christmas Carol 1943 William Podmore
A Christmas Carol 1947 John Carradine
A Christmas Carol 1948 Dennis King
A Christmas Carol 1949 Taylor Holmes
A Christmas Carol 1950 Bransby Williams
Scrooge 1951 Alastair Sim Alastair Sim's performance as Ebenezer Scrooge in the 1950 production "Scrooge" is generally regarded as the definitive portrayal of the role. The film expands on the original story by adding Scrooge's rise as a prominent businessman who was corrupted by a greedy new mentor that had lured him away from the benevolent Mr. Fezziwig. Sim reprised the role two decades later, lending his voice to Richard Williams' 1971 animated version of the tale.
A Christmas Carol 1951 Ralph Richardson
A Christmas Carol 1952 Malcolm Keen
A Christmas Carol 1953 Noel Leslie
A Christmas Carol 1954 Fredric March
The Stingiest Man in Town 1956 Basil Rathborne Rathborne would go on to play Scrooge again in the 1958 film of A Christmas Carol.
The Trail to Christmas 1957 John McIntire
A Christmas Carol 1958 Basil Rathbone Rathborn reprises the role of Scrooge in this production, having previously played him in the 1956 production of The Stingiest Man in Town.
Mister Magoo's Christmas Carol 1962 Quincy Magoo
(voiced by Jim Backus)
Mr. Magoo takes on an acting role where he plays Scrooge in a Broadway theater play. There are a few references to Scrooge's (more accurately Magoo's) myopic vision within the stage production presented in the special, a nod to the Magoo character. In the opening Mr. Magoo, out of character, is shown arriving at the theater, and at the end is shown taking a bow with the other actors.
Mr. Scrooge 1964 Cyril Ritchard
Carry on Christmas 1969 Sid James
Famous Classic Tales: A Christmas Carol 1970 Ron Haddrick
Scrooge 1970 Albert Finney Albert Finney's portrayal of Scrooge in this musical adaptation won him the a Golden Globe for The Best Motion Picture Actor in a Musical/Comedy in 1971.
A Christmas Carol 1971 Voiced by
Alistair Sim
Alistar Sim, famously known for playing Scrooge in the 1950 production "Scrooge", reprises the role - this time voicing the character of Ebenezer for an animated adapation.
A Christmas Carol 1977 Michael Hordern
A Christmas Carol 1978 Warren Graves
The Stingiest Man in Town 1978 Voiced by
Walter Matthau
Rich Little's Christmas Carol 1978 Rich Little
(as W. C. Fields)
Bugs Bunny's Christmas Carol 1979 Yosemite Sam
(voiced by Mel Blanc)
A Christmas Carol 1981 William Paterson
A Christmas Carol 1982 Richard Hilger
The Gospel According to Scrooge 1983 Robert Buchanan
Mickey's Christmas Carol 1983 Scrooge McDuck
(voiced by Alan Young)
Being named after the Ebenezer Scrooge character, it was fitting for Scrooge McDuck to portray the character. Alan Young, who voiced Scrooge, also created the 1977 record album on which the film was based upon.
Scrooge's Rock 'N' Roll Christmas 1984 Jack Elam
A Christmas Carol 1984 George C. Scott Scott was nominated for an Emmy for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Limited Series or a Special for his portrayal in this version of A Christmas Carol. This Scrooge notably wears dress-slacks, a dress-shirt, a vest and a smoking jacket on his journey through time rather than the traditional nightgown, slippers and cap. Sources have stated that Scott openly reeled at the thought of portraying Scrooge under such conditions, especially in mid-winter England.
A Christmas Carol 1984 Michel Bouquet
Christmas Carol II the Sequel 1985 James Whitmore
The Real Ghostbusters: "Xmas Marks the Spot" 1986 Peter Renaday
The Muppet Christmas Carol 1992 Michael Caine The British character actor is very believable as Scrooge in Brian Henson's directorial debut.
A Flintstones' Christmas Carol 1993 Fred Flintstone
(voiced by Henry Corden)
Fred wins the role of Ebonezer Scrooge in the play of A Christmas Carol at the Bedrock Community Theatre. He becomes so obsessed with the part that he begins living it, and through playing Scrooge, he ends up learning a valuable lesson about his own selfishness.
A Christmas Carol 1994 unknown
A Christmas Carol 1997 Tim Curry The consummate British actor, best known for his crossdressing role as Dr. Frank N. Furter in The Rocky Horror Picture Show plays it straight here.
Ebenezer 1997 Jack Palance Set in the wild west, Palance portrays Scrooge as the "most greedy, corrupt and mean-spirited crook in the old West".
A Christmas Carol 1999 Patrick Stewart The British actor best known as Capt. Jean-Luc Picard from the TV and movie versions of Star Trek: The Next Generation also perfomed a one-man version of Dickens' play in the 1990s in London and New York.
A Christmas Carol 2000 Ross Kemp
(as Eddie Scrooge)
Eddie Scrooge, played by Ross Kemp, is an unscrupulous loan shark living on a poor estate, his business partner Jacob Marley is killed while out on business, though Eddie knows why he was killed he does no disclose this information to the police, or Marley's family. In this modern adaptation, Eddie is taught the true meaning of Christmas by the three ghosts of Christmas, past, present and future.
Christmas Carol: The Movie 2001 Simon Callow
Scrooge and Marley 2001 Dean Jones
A Christmas Carol: The Musical 2004 Kelsey Grammer
The Polar Express 2004 Voiced by
Tom Hanks
Scrooge makes a cameo appearance as a marionette. It is revealed that the puppeteer of this character is the hobo.
The Northern Ballet Theatre presents A Christmas Carol 2005 Jeremy Kerridge
A Christmas Carol: Scrooge's Ghostly Tale 2006 unknown
The Carol Project 2006 Bill Bourne
The Nutcracker: A Christmas Story 2007 Marc Wenke
A Christmas Carol 2009 Voiced by
Jim Carrey
The film, directed by Robert Zemeckis, uses the motion capture techniques previously featured on The Polar Express and Beowulf. Zemeckis wrote the screenplay with Jim Carrey in mind, and - like Tom Hanks in The Polar Express - Carrey plays multiple roles in the film, including Ebenezer Scrooge as a young, middle-aged, and old man, along with the three ghosts who haunt him.

Female Scrooges

Picture Production Year Actress Notes
Scrooge: A Christmas Sarah 1990 Sarah Greene
(as Sarah Scrooge)
Ebbie 1995 Susan Lucci
(as Elizabeth "Ebbie" Scrooge)
Best known as Erica Kane on All My children, Lucci portrays a department store manager.
Ms. Scrooge 1997 Cicely Tyson
(as Ebenita Scrooge)
A Diva's Christmas Carol 2000 Vanessa Williams
(as Ebony Scrooge)
Barbie in a Christmas Carol 2008 Voiced by
Kelly Sheridan
(as Eden Starling)

Other Characters in the Scrooge Role

Picture Production Year Character Notes
Carol for Another Christmas 1964 Daniel Grudge
A Special Sesame Street Christmas 1978 Oscar the Grouch
(played by Carroll Spinney)
Skinflint: A Country Christmas Carol 1979 Cyrus Flint
An American Christmas Carol 1982 Benedict Slade
(played by Henry Winkler)
Henry Winkler plays Benedict Slade, a depression-era American version of Ebenezer Scrooge, who is visited by the three Christmas ghosts to see the error of his ways.
The Jetsons: "A Jetson Christmas Carol" 1985 Cosmo Spacely
(voiced by Mel Blanc)
Scrooged 1988 Francis "Frank" Xavier Cross
(played by Bill Murray)
Frank Cross is a selfish, cynical television programming executive whose concentration on his lucrative, fast climbing career cost him his true love, alienated him from his family and obliterated any chance of having a happy and fulfilling life. When he is given the task of heading up a live broadcast of A Christmas Carol, his life inexplicably begins to mirror the story he's producing.
Blackadder's Christmas Carol 1988 Ebenezer Blackadder
(played by Rowan Atkinson)
In a reversal of roles, Victorian mustache shop owner Ebenezer Blackadder is the nicest man in England - until the Spirit of Christmas shows him what life in the past, present and future would be like if he was a little bit more mean-spirited.
Christmas 1988 John Grin
Alvin and the Chipmunks: "Merry Christmas, Mr. Carroll" 1989 Alvin
(voiced by Ross Badgasarian, Jr.)
Camp Candy: "Christmas in July" 1989 Vanessa
(voiced by Willow Johnson)
Back to the Future: "Dickens of a Christmas" 1991 Ebiffneezer Tannen
(voiced by Thomas Wilson)
One of many ancestors of Back to the Future antagonist Biff Tannen.
Animaniacs: "A Christmas Plotz" 1993 Thaddeus Plotz
(voiced by Frank Welker)
Avenger Penguins: "A Christmas Carol" 1994 Caractacus P. Doom
(voiced by Mike McShane)
Beavis and Butt-head: "Huh-Huh-Humbug" 1994 Beavis
(voiced by Mike Judge)
Xena: Warrior Princess: "A Solstice Carol" 1996 King Silvas
101 Dalmatians: "A Christmas Cruella" 1997 Cruella De Vil
(voiced by April Winchell)
An All Dogs Christmas Carol 1998 Carface Malone
Maxine's Christmas Carol 2000 Maxine
Adventures from the Book of Virtues: "Compassion" 2000 Annie Redfeather
(voiced by Adrienne Carter)
Brer Rabbit's Christmas Carol 2002 Brer Rabbit
A Carol Christmas 2003 Carol Cartman
(played by Tori Spelling)
Tori Spelling plays a selfish talk show host.
VeggieTales: "An Easter Carol" 2004 Ebenezer Nezzer
Chasing Christmas 2005 Jack Cameron
Foster's Home for Imaginary Friends: "A Lost Claus" 2005 Mr. Herriman
(voiced by Tom Kane)
Because he was only going to give one gift to each resident, Bloo decides to scare this seven-foot-tall imaginary rabbit out of his wits on Christmas Eve.
A Sesame Street Christmas Carol 2006 Oscar the Grouch
(played by Carroll Spinney)
Bah, Humduck! A Looney Tunes Christmas 2006 Daffy Duck
(voiced by Joe Alaskey)
Daffy is the owner of the Lucky Duck Mall, and he treats his employees very shabbily. After Daffy states he hates the holidays, Bugs Bunny warns him about the Ghosts of Christmas, which Daffy simply scoffs at. However the duck changes his tune after a visit from the series of Christmas spirits arrive and show him the err of his ways.
A Dennis the Menace Christmas 2007 George Wilson
(played by Robert Wagner)
The Replacements: "Dick Daring's All-Star Holiday Stunt Spectacular V" 2008 Todd Daring
(voiced by Nancy Cartwright)
Dora the Explorer: Dora's Christmas Carol Adventure 2009 Swiper the Fox
(voiced by Marc Weiner)
After getting on Santa's naughty list, Swiper must learn to be good.
The Suite Life on Deck: "A London Carol" 2010 London Tipton (portrayed by Brenda Song)
Aída: "La Noche de los Belenes Vivientes" 2010 Mauricio Colmenero (portrayed by Mariano Peña)
The Smurfs: A Christmas Carol 2011 Grouchy Smurf
(voiced by George Lopez)
El Barco: "La noche de reyes" 2012 Ernesto Gamboa
(portrayed by Juan Pablo Shuk)
Shake It Up: "Merry Merry It Up" 2012 CeCe Jones
(portrayed by Bella Thorne)
The High Fructose Adventures of Annoying Orange: "Orange Carol" 2012 Orange
(portrayed by Daneboe)
La CQ: "Christmas in the CQ" 2012 Adri

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